Utilitarians believe that morality is to make life better by the increase of good things, such as pleasure and happiness, discussion respond

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    Discussion 1

    Utilitarians believe that morality is to make life better by the increase of
    good things, such as pleasure and happiness.  This would be by decreasing the
    amount of pain in the world.  Utilitarians reject moral codes and things such as
    taboos and commands that are based on customs.  They believe that what makes a
    morality to be true is the contribution is has  to human beings.

    I struggle with the idea of euthanasia.  We know that if an animal is very
    sick, or if a horse breaks a leg that will not heal the horse is to be put down,
    or the animal will be euthanized.  Is it that we show animals more humanity than
    we show humans?  Is it more about our selfish nature that we keep our loved ones
    around even when they do not have a quality of life?

    My mother had Alzheimer’s disease and I have said more than once if I were to
    get like that, where I did not know any of my loved ones and did not know myself
    or anything around me just kill me.  Now I know that no one would do that
    because of their belief that it is wrong, but if I don’t have a quality of life
    then I would not be experiencing any pleasure, only pain.  Not to mention the
    pain my family would be going through.  

    Although I believe murder is wrong when put in a situation like my mom was in
    I would consider a mercy killing for myself.

    J. & Rachels, S. (2015). The elements of moral philosophy (8th ed.). New
    York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education

    R. B. & Doherty, R. F. (2011). Ethical dimensions in the health professions
    (5th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Saunders. 

    Discussion 2

    For week five we are asked to discuss pleasure and pain and how utilitarians
    weigh what is ethical.  “Utilitarians understand “pleasure” broadly, to include
    all mental states that feel good” (Rachels &  Rachels, 2015, pg.112). 
    Examples of pleasure would be the taste of chocolate, graduating college and a
    scary movie.  Pain is said to to be “the one ultimate evil”( Rachels &
    Rachels, 2015, pg.112). In the book the stories or examples they share are
    situations where if it causes them unhappiness which would be causing pain but
    if the situation does not cause them discomfort then utilitarians could not
    consider it to be pain. According to the article, pleasure is related to
    motivation. “We often enjoy things such as sights, sounds, and fragrances that
    may surprise us without our having wanted them before, clinging to them when
    they are with us, or craving them after they are gone” ( Plato).  I believe what
    the book is trying to explain is that some times our pleasure can be heightened
    if we are motivated, and slightly less if we are not.  I think pain depends on
    how much pain or discomfort you caused someone. Hurting someones feelings versus
    killing someone would cause more pain.  Utilitarians believe happiness is above
    all else. Pleasure and pain are not equally weighted. In all situations we have
    the choice to cause people pleasure or pain. I t is interesting learning about
    the different views on subjects like this. Thank you for reading my post, I cant
    believe it is week five already. 

    Rachels, J. & Rachels, S. (2015). The elements of moral philosophy
    (8th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education

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