The misconception of seeking therapy in the black and brown communities

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Persuasive speech requirement

Speech should be between 7-10mins long and I have listed each thing the speech should consist of and I also have listed examples of what the speech should look like as well as there is 3 separate topics they have a smiley face next to them for you to follow please include all aspects of what is required and I hope the examples helps with the outline. Also please include work cited page and please use creditable resources most source must be 2016 and up

1.Organize the speech


When to use: Use problem-cause-solution format when the problem of your speech is complicated and must be explained in more detail than simply a few sentences in your introduction. Basically, you can’t just state the problem and assume the audience knows what you’re talking about.

Let’s use my speech on breast cancer industry as an example (I will show this speech as an example in class). I can’t just say in the introduction, “The companies who sponsor breast cancer research are the same companies who produce chemicals that cause breast cancer” and assume that you understand the intricate details of the problem, or that you’ll believe me. You need WAY MORE explanation than that. So, I will choose problem-cause-solution format to discuss my speech.

What it looks like on the outline: Just like in cause-effect-solution order, your introduction and your conclusion follow the exact same format as the informative speech, with the 5 different aspects of an introduction (attention getter, introduction of the topic/relevance to the audience, credibility, thesis, and preview statement) and the 3 different aspects of a conclusion (restate your thesis, restate your main points, memorable close). Your preview statement/review of main points will refer to problems, causes, and solutions of (your problem).

Main Point #1 is your problem point. Break your point into either 2-3 different problem areas associated with your topic. Remember, you want to quantify the problem for us and make it very real. For instance, in the breast cancer persuasion, my subpoints (though I can’t remember them exactly), were something like “Companies who sponsor breast cancer produce chemicals that cause breast cancer” and “The same chemical companies own cancer treatment centers and pharmaceutical companies that treat breast cancer.

Main Point #2 is your causes point. See above for what causes are/look like. It’s the same for this organizational pattern as for cause-effect-solution order. In my breast cancer speech, the causes were: “Profit/money” and lack of public awareness.

Main Point #3 is your solutions point. See above. It’s the same as with cause-effect-solution. My solutions in the breast cancer persuasion were governmental (stop giving money to the American Cancer Society and the National Cancer Institute and give it to organizations who really do work to support breast cancer – you have to see the speech), organizational (ACS and NCI should not allow companies to have representatives on their board of directors), and personal (continue to check breasts for cancer, eat healthy, spread the word, and support other organizations – even the pink ribbon thing is bad).

2.Putting the speech together

  • Topic = Your overall topic
  • §Purpose = “To persuade,” followed by exactly what you hope to persuade us to think or do as a result of your speech.
    • §In persuasion, you want us to take action in some way as a result of your speech.
  • §Thesis = Rephrase your purpose as an argument for why it’s important that we take action or change our minds on this particular topic.
  • §Organizational Pattern = The way you organize the body of your speech. You will use either Cause-Effect-Solution, Problem-Cause-Solution, or Monroe’s Motivated Sequence (see your topic feedback).

Step 2: Write the Body of Your Speech

  • §Before you begin, be sure you have researched your speech completely and check your instructor’s feedback on your three persuasive speech topics.
  • §Determine which organizational pattern you will be using (your instructor has told you which to use).
  • §Keep in mind the concepts of pathos and logos. To make your points, be sure you include logical evidence as well as emotional evidence to support your claims/arguments.
  • §Review the notes for citing sources during your speech. Citing sources is necessary!

Step 2 (cont) -Monroe’s Motivated Sequence

  • §Use when your speech is solution-oriented and your goal is to get us to do one thing or believe one thing. It is not focused on fixing a major problem in society, but rather getting us to do (or not do) one thing.
  • §Use when your speech is to persuade us that one thing is the best or better than others.
  • §Examples:
    • §To persuade my audience to floss their teeth daily.
    • §To persuade my audience not to go to the grocery store during COVID-19.
    • §To persuade my audience that Michael Jordan is the best basketball player of all time.

Step 2 (cont.) -Monroe’s Motivated Sequence

  • §Body – 3 Main Points:

1. Need – Problems that can be solved by your solution

2. Satisfaction (Bad name!) – Proving to us your solution works!

3. Visualization/Action

Step 2 (cont.) – Problem-Cause-Solution

  • §Use when the purpose of your speech is to fix a major problem in society. There are multiple solutions. The problem requires explanation to show us exactly why this is such a big problem.
  • §Examples:
    • §To persuade my audience to help solve police brutality.
    • §To persuade my audience that the product recall system is flawed and we must fix it.
    • §To persuade my audience that we must address the disappearance of sand in our world.

Step 2 (cont.) – Problem-Cause-Solution

  • §Body – 3 Main Points:

1. Problems

2. Causes

3. Solutions

Step 2 (cont.) – Cause-Effect-Solution

  • §Use when you’re attempting to fix a problem in society, but the problem is very easy to describe.
  • §Examples:
    • §To persuade my audience to help address a lack of blood in our blood banks.
    • §To persuade my audience to take action to help make sure our medical professionals have enough equipment to tackle the COVID-19 crisis.

Step 2 (cont.) – Cause-Effect-Solution

  • §Body – 3 Main Points:

1. Causes

2. Effects

3. Solutions

Step 3: Introductions

  • §Attention Getter
  • §Audience Relevance Statement
  • §Credibility Statement
  • §Thesis
  • §Preview Statement

*Special Note for Monroe’s Motivated Sequence – Instead of calling your Introduction an Introduction, call it attention.

Step 4:

  • §Restate main points
  • §Restate thesis
  • §End powerfully and inspirationally

Final Notes

  • §Transitions
  • §Source Citations
  • §Visual Aids
  • §Formatting

3.Example of the problem cause solution persuasive speech

Private cord blood banking is a waste of money

Purpose: To persuade an audience to donate their child’s cord blood to a public bank rather than privately banking it.

Thesis: Privately banking your child’s cord blood when there is no history of cancer or a genetic disease in the family is a waste of money.

Organizational Pattern: Problem, Cause, and Solution format

Introduction –

  1. According to the US censes, In 2014 more than 4.3 million babies were born in the U.S. The Parent of those babies will now have to decide what to do with their child’s umbilical cord blood. According to a 2013 L.A. Times The vast majority of those parents — about 97 percent — will do nothing, and the umbilical cord and the cells it contains will be discarded as medical waste.The tiny percentage that remain, however, will be caught in the sharp debate between private cord blood firms preying on parents to cash in on an estimated $1 billion industry, and the public bank trying to boost diverse donations to fuel research and save lives in the community.
  2. For those of you who have kids you might recall this topic of cord blood banking during your pregnancy.
  3. A little over 3 years ago when I was pregnant was asked by my doctor a very important question. Was I going to donate, privately store or just opt to discard the cord blood. After doing some research my husband and I decided to donate my daughter’s cord blood.
  4. Deciding to donate the cord blood vs privately banking it , could really be the difference of life or death for a cancer patient.
  5. I will discuss what is cord blood & uses, why it’s better to donate it rather than privately bank it, and what can be done to change the donating rate.

Transition: Let me start by first telling you what cord blood is and some of it’s uses

II. Body

  1. Cord blood comes from a newborn’s umbilical cord and can be collected immediately after birth. It contains powerful stem cells that have been used to regenerate healthy blood and immune systems.
    1. Stem cells are mother cells that have the potential to become any type of cell in the body. One of the main characteristics of stem cells is their ability to self-renew or multiply while maintaining the potential to develop into other types of cells. Stem cells can become cells of the blood, heart, bones, skin, muscles, brain etc. There are different sources of stem cells but all types of stem cells have the same capacity to develop into multiple types of cells.
    2. Cord blood stem cells are currently being used to treat and cure more than 80 life-threatening illnesses, including many cancers, immune deficiencies and genetic disorders.
    3. Here are some of the specific illnesses cord blood stem cells cure (show slide)
    4. A report from the CDC states that Each year, thousands of people are diagnosed with leukemia, lymphoma, or certain immune system or genetic metabolic disorder. Many of these patients need an umbilical cord blood transplant. Because the qualities that make a suitable match for umbilical cord blood are inherited, a match from a sibling or other family member is often checked first. However, 70 percent of patients will not find a matching donor in their family. For these patients, a transplant of cord blood from an unrelated donor may be their only option

Transition: Now that we know what a cord blood is and it’s life saving capabilities, let me tell you why electing to privately bank your child cord blood is usually a waste of money.

  1. Private cord blood bank companies use high pressure tactics to persuade expecting parents into spending thousands of dollars to bank/store their baby’s cord blood privately.
    1. The private bank is a commercial, for-profit entity that often advertises directly to expectant parents. These banks are designed for the sole use of the families who have saved the cord blood. Private banks charge an initial fee for collection and processing and, then, a yearly fee to maintain the specimen. The initial processing fees can run from roughly $1,500 to $2,500, with annual storage fees of $200 to $300 each year thereafter. Public umbilical cord blood banks accept donations of cord blood and do not charge donation fees.Donated units are also processed, antigen typed, and frozen, ready for use. Unlike private banks, public banks do not reserve the units for the family that donated them; rather, units are available to the general public..
  1. The American Academy of Pediatrics discourages storing cord blood at private banks for personal or family use as a general “insurance policy.” Rather, they encourage families to donate their newborn’s cord blood, which is normally discarded at birth, to public cord blood banks for other individuals in need. Plus There is also a high chance of finding a match if you do need one among donations that are available through a public cord blood bank. A 2014 study in the New England Journal of Medicine found that depending on a patient’s ethnic background, 66 to 97 percent can find a suitable match among donated umbilical cord-blood units.
  1. According to a 2014 study done by Dr. Patrick Stiff, director of the Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center and the Bone Marrow Transplantation Program at Loyola University Medical Center. Banking your baby’s cord blood isn’t a total insurance policy. If your baby has leukemia, for example, using his or her own stem cells might not be the best option because “you’re putting in the same immune system that permitted the leukemia to develop in the first place.
  2. The chances that a child would be able to use his or her own cord blood is extremely small: .04 % chance over the child’s lifetime. Not even half of 1%
  3. Private banks claim that cord blood stem cells will still be viable even decades later.. It’s unclear how long cord blood can successfully be stored, so banking could be a costly insurance policy that is never used. What they conveniently leave out is the fact that once a child is over about 50 kg, the amount of stem cells in their privately banked unit would likely be insufficient.

Transition: Now that I’ve made you all aware of why privately banking

  1. What we can do to change the donating rates and save more lives
  1. Doctors need to inform their patients about cord blood banking options and likelihood of needing it. Illinois only encourages Doctors to speak to their patients about cord blood banking options.
  2. Increase the number of Public Banks available in each state. Currently there are only 20 hospitals in Illinois that work with public cord banks
  3. Make private blood banking illegal. Currently it is illegal in France & Italy

Transition: Those are just some of my ideas on how to improve donation rates.

  1. Conclusion

Umbilical cord blood was once thought of as a waste product of the birthing experience, but now it is valued for its content of stem cells. Today, more than 20 years after the first successful umbilical cord blood stem cell transplant, more families are seeking information about whether or not to invest in saving their newborn’s umbilical cord blood. Saving the cord blood in public banks is a worthy undertaking for any family. It is recommended that expectant families only consider cord blood banking in private banks only when they have a relative with a known disorder that is already treatable by stem cell transplants. Moreover, expectant families should not rely on private commercial cord blood banks as their sole source of information about cord blood banking. Private cord blood banks exploit expectant parents’ worries using emotion-laden advertising and spurious statistics to scare them into buying expensive biological insurance they’ll likely never need and may not be able to use. The problem is, the advertising by these private companies often oversells the potential for cord blood use. So save you’re money and save a life too by donating the cord blood.

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