From your study of Chapter 4, you see topics of culture-specific and culture-reactive addressed. One dictionary definition of culture-specific syndrome as “any form of disturbed behavior that is specific to a certain cultural system and does not conform to Western classification of diseases” (Edberg, 2013, p. 42). Some might say a culture-specific syndrome is a disease in a culture. Edberg then goes on to say that as all humans are cultural; perhaps we ought not think that a few syndromes are only culture specific. So, he (Edberg) seems to agree with others (Kirmayer, Hughes) to prefer the term culture-reactive syndrome vs. culture specific. Anyway, all interesting and what follows in the subsequent sections of Chapter 4 is the compelling point in this quiz item.
Let’s just generalize and think on culturally bound syndromes (specific or reactive). And, assume that most of these culturally-related conditions are the outcome of unique kinds of social stressors. Unique social stressors might be gender rules and requirements, strict social or family obligation systems, specific patterns of social marginalization and hierarchy, immigration/acculturation trauma, and any of many others within a specific culture. You see many syndromes from DSM-IV in Box 4-1 on pgs. 43-45. Fascinating.
As a prompt for you to reflect on this compelling reading, please 1) report what might be the stress response fromTHREE of the FIVE interesting ethnopsychiatric conditions and cultural stressor examples provided in the text, listed below. Then, 2) end each discussion with your personal reaction to the description of each. (strive for about 3+ sentences for each condition described – use your reflective/critical thinking approach here). 6 points possible.
- Saora tribes of India,
- Canadian Hutterites,
- US Anorexic/Bullimics,
- American Indians, and
- Immigrant/Refugee Syndromes.
Next Question, You considered from Chapter 6 that across cultures, healing is practiced in an organized, ritualized form (healing ceremonies, divination, appointments, etc). In essence, all healing involves some ritual and theater (think uniforms such as white coats, chanting, smells, the presence of other community members, the use of implements and healing tools). We might think of healing as a collective act, which is true whether a Western biomedical orientation or not. Trusting that you could step outside your “cultural box” and wonder: is biomedical healing just pure technology and pure science?
This is a two-part question. From understandings in Chapter 6, please
- provide and briefly describe (1-2 sentences each)
- two examples of non-Western healers and
- two examples of healers found in Western cultures
- then, we know that today there are many successful collaborative efforts where “East meets West” in therapies with biomedical impacts.
- close this question with an one example of the recent trend towards integrating biomedical and non-biomedical healers and healing practices.